Meaning and Functions of Norwegian-Turkish Vernacular Space in Drammen, Norway


  • Karolina Nikielska-Sekula University College of Southeast Norway



heterotopia, immigrant neighborhoods, Norway, Turkey, vernacular space


This paper discusses the functions and meaning of Norwegian-Turkish vernacular space in Norway. Employing the Foucauldian concept of heterotopia, it analyzes Turkish ethnic clubs in Drammen - a midsized city situated in the western part of Norway. In 2013, 25% of the city’s inhabitants were of an immigrant background with the majority (13.5%) being of Turkish origin (Høydahl, 2014). Most of them arrived in the city as “guest workers” in the late 1960s and 1970s, and were followed afterwards by other members of their families. Due to their prolonged residence, they have managed to make an imprint on the city’s landscape. This study shows that Norwegian-Turkish ethnic clubs are heterotopias of Norwegian society, in a Foucauldian understanding of the term. They embody practices, discourses and signs of identity originating from Turkey, being at the same time ordered by the rules of Norwegian society. I argue that those transnational spaces, labeled as “foreign,” and linked to Turkey, bear strong influences from the host society and should be regarded as Norwegian-Turkish, rather than Turkish.


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Author Biography

Karolina Nikielska-Sekula, University College of Southeast Norway

Research Fellow at University College of South East Norway, Department of Humanities and Cultural Studies. Hallvard Eikas Plass, 3800, Bø i Telemark, Norway. Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher, INTEGRIM Training Network, MiReKoc, Turkey




How to Cite

Nikielska-Sekula, K. (2016) “Meaning and Functions of Norwegian-Turkish Vernacular Space in Drammen, Norway”, Border Crossing. London, UK, 6(2), pp. 325–336. doi: 10.33182/bc.v6i2.497.