A field analysis on the emergence of migrant entrepreneurs in Japan and their integration into the Japanese society


  • Kaan Karayılmaz University of Bremen, Economics Department




Demographic change implies more than the aging of the Japanese population and causes socioeconomic and spatial structural transformation processes. Against the backdrop of demographic change, the issue of integrating migrants into Japanese society is gaining in importance and is increasingly drawing attention to economic policy decisions. The growth of new ethnic populations in Japan since 2000 has made ethnic businesses a matter of importance. The self-employed migrants in Japan includes very heterogeneous social situations. There are among those both low earners in precarious sectors as well as good earners in knowledge-intensive businesses. The different nationality of the interviewees in the analysis is justified by the fact that the process of self-employment is explained not only by the individual characteristics of entrepreneurs, but also by the social structures and cultural background of Japanese society and thus the independence from today's point of view. The public opinion on the migrants or migration to Japan and the opinion of migrants about Japanese society is the subject of the study, which explores migrant, Japanese and immigrant perspectives on migration, integration and self-employment.


Metrics Loading ...


Alheit, P. (1982). Neue Aspekte der „Biographischen Methode “. Interdisziplinäre Tendenzen und eine qualitativ-politische Wende der Sozialforschung: „Arbeiterbiographien“, Heft 1, Universität Bremen.

Douglass, M., & Roberts, G. (2014). Japan in a global age of migration, in: Douglass, M., & Roberts, G. (ed.), Japan and global migration, Foreign workers and the advent of a multicultural society, Routledge, New York.

Flick, U. (1995). Stationen des qualitativen Forschungsprozesses, in: Flick, U. et al. (Hg.), Handbuch Qualitative Sozialforschung: Grundlagen, Konzepte, Methoden und Anwendungen, 2. Auflage, Beltz, Psychologie Verlags Union, Weinheim.

Flick, U. (2016). Qualitative sozialforschung. Eine Einführung, Rowohlt, Hamburg.

Güllüpınar, F. (2012). Göç olgusunun ekonomi-politiği ve uluslararası göç kuramları üzerine bir değerlendirme. Yalova Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 2(4).

Hayakawa, C. (2010). Labor law and policy issues relating to foreign workers in Japan. Japan Labor Review, 7(3), Tokyo, The Japan Institute for labour policy and training.

Heide, H. (1995). Tradierung in der Ökonomie?: Fragen nach dem Subjekt der Veränderung, in: Grenzdörffer, K. et al. (Hg.), Neue Bewertungen in der Ökonomie, Centaurus, Pfaffenwiler.

Heide H. (2009): Globalization of the work society: Proposal for a Re-interpretation of the work society as a posttraumatic syndrome, Transhumanities, EWHA İnstitute of the humanities, Seoul, Vol 1, No 1.

Hermanns, H. (1992). Die Auswertung narrativer Interviews. Ein Beispiel für qualitative Verfahren, in: Jürgen H.P.& Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik (Hg.), Analyse verbaler Daten WestD Verlag, Opladen.

Japan National Tourism Organization (2016): Statistical İnformation.

Karunaratne, H. D. (2017). Promotion of Japan-Sri Lanka Business Relations through Sri Lankan Immigrant Entrepreneurs in Japan. Institute for advanced studies in Asia, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Kataoka, H. (2015): Ethnic Econonomy of Brazilian Residents in Hamamatsu City, in: Ishikawa, Y. (ed.), International Migrants in Japan, Contributions in an Era Population of Declane, Kyoto University Press, Kyoto.

Mayring, P. (2002). Einführung in die qualitative Sozialforschung, Beltz Verlag, Basel.

McCurry J. (2015): Japan says it must look after its own before allowing in Syrian refugees, The Guardian, international edition, 30. September.

Merton, R. K., & Kendall, P. L. (1979). Das fokussierte interview, in: C. Hopf & E. Weingarten (Ed.), Qualitative sozialforschung, Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart.

Murai, S. (2016). Government weighs immigration to maintain population, boost workforce. The Japan Times News, 6.January.

Ogawa, N. (2011). Population aging and immigration in Japan. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, 20 (2).

Petersen, W. (1970). General Typologie of Migration, in: Clifford J. Jansen (ed.), Readings in the Sociology of Migration, Pergamon Press, Oxford.

Pries, L. (2010). Soziologie der Migration, VS Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Shimasawa, M. & Oguro, K. (2009). The Impact of Immigration on the Japanese Economy: A multi-country simulation model, RİETİ Discussionspaper (No. 09E020).

Statistics of Japan (2017): Statistics Bureau Ministry of internal Affairs and Communications.

Winkler, A.E. (2012): Die Assimilation japanisch stämmiger Brasilianer nach ihrer Migration nach Japan, in: Deutsch –j apanisch - koreanisches Stiependiatenseminar 23-24.05 2011, Band 63.

Vital Statistics (2013): Report issued by The Ministery of Health, labor and Welfare




How to Cite

Karayılmaz, K. (2018) “A field analysis on the emergence of migrant entrepreneurs in Japan and their integration into the Japanese society”, Border Crossing. London, UK, 8(2SI), pp. 537–555. doi: 10.33182/bc.v8i2SI.617.